is lost from watercourses annually during conveyance from mogha to farm gate. Above all, out of 56 MAF irrigation water available at field Nakkas, 14 MAF is reported to be wasted due to unleveled fields.
After realizing this wastage of huge amount of irrigation water, different projects were initiated during early seventies to curtail these losses from the irrigation system beyond canal outlet. Accordingly, On-Farm Water Management Pilot Project was started during the year 1976-77 in seven Tehsils of the Punjab namely Faisalabad, Toba Tek Singh, Sammundri, Jaranwala, Chiniot, Shaiwal and Khanewal with the financial and technical assistance of USAID. This Pilot Project achieved its targets and was successfully completed in June 1981, one year ahead of its time schedule.
On completion of the Pilot On-Farm Water Management Project, intensified Water Management Programmes were launched in Punjab Province.
The Major components of the On-Farm Water Management Programme in Multan are as under:-
1. Watercourse Improvement
Regular improvement/complete renovation of watercourses including partial brick lining at appropriate places, installation of Nakkas, culverts, drops, siphons, buffalo wullow etc on cast sharing basis.
2. Precision Land Leveling
This is second major component of the programme, which aims at elimination of un-necessary ditches, bunds and trees from the fields in addition to precision land leveling of plots for efficient border irrigation.